To Assess the Prevalence of Obesity Among Affluent School Children in Patiala, Punjab and Identify its Associated Risk Factors
Poonam Marwah*, Ashish Marwah**, Paramjeet Kaur***
*Department of Pediatrics, Grant Medical College, Patiala, **Grant Medical College for Women, Khanpur Kalan, Sonepat, ***Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Grant Medical College, Patiala, India
Abstract

Aim: To assess the prevalence of obesity among affluent school children in Patiala, Punjab and identify its associated risk factors.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five private schools in Patiala, India. A total of 1250 school children in the age group of 6-15 years were selected using stratified random sampling. Weight and height of each student was measured using standard measures and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. A semi-structured questionnaire was filled evaluating risk factors like family history of obesity, intake of high calorie including junk foods, physical inactivity and television and/or computer viewing.

Statistical analysis: Chi-square test.

Results: Overall obesity was seen in 95 (7.6%) children with 61 (9.4%) girls and 34 (5.7%) boys affected (p=0.20). Family history of obesity, intake of high calorie foods, physical inactivity and television or computer viewing for more than 3 hours a day were found to be significant risk factors of obesity (p<0.001 respectively).

Conclusion: Obesity as an emerging health problem among affluent children in Patiala, India due to an increasing sedentary lifestyle and faulty dietary habits.
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