A Population Retrospective Study On Pediatric Ambulatory Anesthesia For Ophthalmological Examination
Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Zamboni, Silvia Visentin, Milena Brugnara, Laura Tomazzoli
Department of Mother-Child and Biology-Genetic, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Abstract

We reviewed the recorded data of the pediatric ophthalmological examination during anesthesia in an ambulatory setting. Sixty-seven children (35 males, 32 females), born from July 1994 to August 2004, were ophthalmologically examined. Since some of them underwent ophthalmological examination many times, the total examinations were 145. The mean gestational age at birth was 32.8 ± 5.4 weeks. The mean birth-weight was 1,921 ± 1,181 grams. Forty-one children (63%) were preterms: gestational age 28.3 ± 2.8 weeks, birth-weight 1,087 ± 425 grams. The mean age of the children at first examination was 1.5 ± 1.5 years. Pediatric anesthetists administered both atropine and fentanyl intravenously, followed by propofol. During the anesthetic procedure, only one case of side-effect was recorded. This report shows the effectiveness of both propofol and fentanyl sedation in very young children, performed in ambulatory setting and with good performance.
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