Abortion
Jagdish Kathwate
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Abortion - Patient Education
What is an abortion?
An abortion is when the pregnancy is ended so that it does not result in the birth of a child.This is also called 'termination of pregnancy'.
The pregnancy is removed from the womb, either by taking pills (medical abortion) which involves taking medicines to cause a miscarriage or by surgery (surgical abortion) where the pregnancy is removed from the womb.

What Kinds of abortion are available in india?
There are broadly two types of abortion treatment, the abortion pill (also called medical abortion) and surgical abortion.The abortion pill involves taking medicines to end the pregnancy.Surgical abortion involves a minor operation either awake or asleep.
The abortion Pill (Medical abortion)
Abortion Pill up to 9 weeks
Up to 9 weeks of pregnancy
Involves taking medicines to cause an early miscarriage (it can feel like having a heavy and more painful period)
At least 2 visits to the clinic are required
No surgery or anaesthetic involved Abortion Pill after 9 weeks
9 to 20 weeks of pregnancy
Involves taking medicines to cause the womb to contract and push out the pregnancy
From 20 weeks an injection to the womb is also required
2 visits to the clinic are required
In some cases an overnight visit may be required at the second visit
Surgical Abortion
Vacuum Aspiration
Up to 15 weeks
Involves removing the pregnancy by gentle suction
One visit to the clinic, going home the same day
Can be done awake or asleep (under local or general anaesthetic) Dilatation & Evacuation
Between 15 – 20 weeks of pregnancy
A doctor will remove the pregnancy using narrow forceps passed through the neck of the womb
Carried out under general anaesthetic (asleep)
One visit to the clinic, usually returning home the same day for abortions up to 20 weeks
Over 20 weeks may require more than one visit or a local overnight stay

Is Abortion Legal?
Abortion is legal up to 20 weeks of pregnancy as long as two doctors agree under the terms of the 1974 MTP Act agreed by the Government.
IsAbortionSafe?
Yes. The abortion procedures used at are simple and very safe. Complications are rare. However, all procedures do have risks.Surgical abortion requires a simple operation and one of the most common risks is infection. The risk of infection is higher if you have a sexually transmitted infection such as Chlaymidia.


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