LUPUS NEPHRITIS
Arpita Roychowdhri*, Abhijit Tarafdar**
DM Senior Resident,Department of Nephrology, IPGMER, Kolkata. *, Professor & Head Department of Nephrology, IPGMER, Kolkata.**

SLE nephritis

is being reported even at <2 yrs of age with a poor prognosis. Prevalence of pediatric SLE is 15% and it is more common among Asians, native Americans, blacks and Polynesians. Lupus nephritis is observed in all most all children with SLE. To begin with, severe nephritis initially may not be associated any changes in creatinine clearance,

proteinuria

or

abnormal urinary sediment

. Renal biopsy is essential in lupus nephritis for prognostication and therapeutic intervention. Outcome is poorest in class IV lupus nephritis and best in children with minimal or controlled systemic disease.

Management of pediatric SLE nephritis

includes good induction therapy to prevent flare and avoidance of renal damage, improvement of patient's QOL and psychosocial development. This is achieved with standard immuno-suppresives like cyclophosphamide, corticosteriod, azothioprine, hydroxychloroquine, cyclosporine & MMF. Standard protocols for treatment of lupus nephritis are not much different from adult nephritis management. The present survival rate is 94%.
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Roychowdhri A, Tarafdar A.. Available From : http://www.pediatriconcall.com/fordoctor/ Conference_abstracts/report.aspx?reportid=103
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