Epidemiology of Childhood Disability Disorders
DR. NAVITA PUROHIT *
JAIPUR *
Abstract
Purpose: Cerebral palsy is the commonest cause of disability in childhood. Advances in the perinatology have led to increased survival of pre-term and change in distribution of different types of CP.

The purpose of this study is to find out the clinical spectrum, socioeconomic and other risk factor associated with CP.

Methodology: It is an ongoing study being conducted in patients of CP who attended the out patient department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Center of SMS hospital Jaipur from 1st July 2004 till date. A detailed history was mother was taken using pre-structured Performa this was followed by complete physical, developmental and neurological examination of the child.

Results: Out of 63 patients, males predominated (45, 71.4%) in the age group of 2-5 years. (22, 35%). Most common type of CP is spastic (57, 90.5%) diplegia (33, 52%), visual impairment (24, 38%) is most common associated anomaly followed by mental retardation (23, 37%) whereas epilepsy is found in 19 (30.2%). None of the patients in the study has hearing impairment.

Percentage of cerebral palsy is more in nuclear families (29, 46%) with less educated parents. Fathers educated up to senior secondary (22, 35%) & mothers illiterate (18, 29%).

Socioeconomic status of these parents is such that their monthly income is Rs.5000-10000 (19, 30%) with either parent in govt. or private job (21, 33%).

Chances of brain damage are more in first 2 birth orders (41%, 38% respectively) in mothers of 20-25 years of age (29, 48%) with low birth weight (24, 38%) and birth asphyxiated infants (36, 57%) 70% of the deliveries. Out of 30% home deliveries, 57% are conducted by untrained dais & 43% by trained dais.

Discussion and Conclusion: CP can be prevented to some extend by educating them for hospital deliveries, whichever hospital facilities are not available regular updating educational programmes should be conducted for retraining of trained dais.
How to Cite URL :
PUROHIT N D.. Available From : http://www.pediatriconcall.com/fordoctor/ Conference_abstracts/report.aspx?reportid=147
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.