Use of Traditional Indian Games for the Holistic Management of a Disabled Child
S ANJANA *
MEENAKSHI COLLEGE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY CHENNAI*
Abstract
Purpose: To improve Fine Motor Skills, Activities of Daily Living, Playfulness and Play history in children with Spastic Diplegia.

Methodology: A set of five traditional games were selected. These games were administered to a group of 25 spastic children (5-7 years), with average intelligence to understand, follow instructions and play.

Children with proper sitting balance, bilateral upper limb integration and hand function good enough to play games were selected.

Games:

Game

Other name

Activities Trained

Kondu

Seed Game

Motor skills and sensory stimulation

Aliouine

Seed Game

Training precision and prehension

Hacchekallu

Pebble Game

Fine Motor Skills and Better Coordination

AMANAI

Juggling Pebble Game

Advanced Motor Coordination and Prehension

Chaupar

Dice Game

Logical Reasoning and Coordination


At the end of three months intervention, the children were evaluated for play history, playfulness, fine motor skills using Bennet Hand tool dexterity test and for activities of daily living using Wee FIM.

Result: Statistically significant results were seen in:
  • Play history - Activities of Daily Living Fine motor skills
  • Playfulness

Conclusion: Interactive indigenous Indian Games such as these are easily understood by both parents and child, so provides higher psychological expression and finer motor function. They are cost effective, increase family participation and administered with simplicity. These games can be incorporated in holistic rehabilitation of Spastic children. This type of native therapy helps the child towards achieving activities like combing, feeding, bathing, toilet activities and dressing.
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