Dr. Ashwin Borade*, Dr. Neeta Hanumante**, Dr. Anuradha Khadilkar***
Department of Paediatric, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune. *, Department of Paediatric, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune. **, Department of Paediatric, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune. ***
|Background: The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding for the first six months of life followed by continued feeding till 2 years of age. In spite of continued education on breast-feeding, it is still observed that a lot of mothers do not adhere to exclusive breast-feeding during this period.
Objective: To evaluate impact of age, parity, education and family type on breast feeding beliefs in mothers form urban low socioeconomic class.
Material and methods: Cross sectional study of 150 consecutive mothers who had delivered at our hospital or were attending OPD for vaccination of child was conducted. A questionnaire was filled out either by mothers or by nurse caring for the mothers, questions asked included age, socio-economic status, parity, education of mother and history of working outside the home, type of milk mother would like to feed baby, her knowledge of colostrum and whether prelacteal feed were given to her recently born baby.
Result: A total of 20 mothers interviewed had delivered at our hospital, while 130 were interviewed at the time of baby's immunization. One hundred and twelve /150 (75%) of mothers had antenatal education regarding BF, 55/112 (49%) received it from mother, 45/112 (40%) received it from mother in-law and 12/112 (10%) got it from their doctor, 120/150 (80%) mothers started BF at birth, 30/150 (20%) did not give BF at birth. Of these 3/30 (10%) had retracted nipple, 3/30 (10%) had sore nipple, 7/30 (23.3%) thought colostrum is bad for baby, 17/30 (56.6%) had given prelacteal feeds to baby. Prelacteal feeds consisted of water in 5/17 (29%), honey in 5/17 (29%) and 6/17 (35%) babies were given cow's milk, Seventy - three /150 (48.6%) were exclusively breast fed (EBF), 57/150 (38%) were top fed, 15/150 (13.3%) were both breast and top fed.
Forty three (28.6%) were 21-25 years of age (group A); 55 (36.6%) were 26-30 years of age (group B) and 52 (34.6%) were over 30 years (group C) 18/43 (41.8%) in group A, 25/55 (45%) in group B, 30/52 (57%) in group C EBF, 20/43 (46.5% ) in group A, 22/55 (40%) in group B, 17/52 (32 %) in group C given top fed.
27/43 (62.%) mothers in group A, 25/55 (45%) in group B, 17/52 (32%) in group C were primigravidae, 30/43 (71%) in group A were literate, 36/55 (66%) in group B and 35/52 (67%) in group C were literate.
106/150 (70%) lived in joint family and 85/106 (80%) EBF, 44/15 (23%) lived in nuclear family and 26/44 (59%) EBF.
Conclusion: The result showed that majority of the mothers did BF. The rate of breast feeding dropped with younger age, primigravidae, working, and nuclear family mothers, even at beginning of 2007 there are misconceptions regarding colostrum and prelacteal feeds land we have to educate regarding this.
|How to Cite URL :|
|Borade A D, Hanumante N D, Khadilkar A D.. Available From : http://www.pediatriconcall.com/fordoctor/ Conference_abstracts/report.aspx?reportid=231|