PREDICTOR OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABIES BY ANTHROPOMETRY
Amar Taksande*, Krishna Vilheka**, P Chaturvedi***, Sapna Gupta****
Department of Pediatrics*, Department of Pediatrics.**, Department of Pediatrics.***, Department of Pediatrics.****
Abstracts: Objective: The present study was undertaken to find out the best simple anthropometric parameter for identifying low birth weight babies.

Study Design: Hospital-based cross-sectional study

Participants: Newborn babies born in KHS Hospital, Sevagram

Results: In the present study, out of 868 newborn babies studied, 52.2% were male. 12.6% of them were birth weight < 2000 gms and 44.6% were birth weight < 2500 gms, Birth weight was significantly correlated (p less than 0.001) with thigh circumference (TC), mid-arm circumference (MAC), calf circumference (CC), and head circumference (HC). All anthropometric indicators had a statistically significant sensitivity, specificity and predictive value (p less than 0.001) for identifying less than or equal to 2500 g birth weight babies, ROC analysis was done to identify the optimal cut-off points of these anthropometric measures separately for low birth weight babies and < 2000 gms birth weight babies.

Conclusion: Head circumference and thigh circumference appears to be better indicator for picking up low birth weight babies and mid-arm circumference and calf circumference appears to be better in picking up very low birth weight babies.
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