NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND PATTERN OF ILLNESS IN CHENNAI CORPORATION PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN
Dr. G. DAMODHARAN*, Dr. C. RAVICHANDRAN**, Dr. V. VIJAYAKUMAR***, Dr. MANGAYARKARASI SENGUTTUVAN****
School Health Cell, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children,Egmore, Chennai - 8. *, School Health Cell, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children,Egmore, Chennai - 8. **, School Health Cell, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children,Egmore, Chennai - 8. ***, School Health Cell, Institute of Child Health and Hospital for Children,Egmore, Chennai - 8. ****
Assess the nutritional status and pattern of illness in primary school children.
Design
Descriptive study using cross sectional survey.
Study Place
Urban referral center.
Study Population
Primary School Children in Chennai Corporation.
Study Period
January to December 2004.
Sample Size
751
Manoeuvre
Anthropometric measures compared with NCHS Standards and screened for illnesses and deficiencies.
Results
88.7% were within the 25th percentile for weight and 58% underweight (< 3rd Percentile). Male children (64.4%) significantly undernourished than female children (51.7%) (p: 0.01). Children in the 9-12 years age group (64%) significantly undernourished than 5-8 years age group (53.9%) (p: 0.003). 40.7% of the children were stunted (Height percentile < 3rd). BMI < 5th percentile in 46.6% of children. 33% of the children were anemic. Xerophthalmia prevalent in 14.6% and > 0.5% had Bitot spots. Dental carries (24.1%) and systemic illness completed the pattern.
Conclusion
There is a need to create awareness to monitor growth, micronutrient deficiency and hygiene in 5-10 years age group.
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DAMODHARAN G D, RAVICHANDRAN C D, VIJAYAKUMAR V D, SENGUTTUVAN M D.. Available From : http://www.pediatriconcall.com/fordoctor/ Conference_abstracts/report.aspx?reportid=49
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