PREVENTION OF DIARRHEA
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Prof. A. Gaffar Billoo, Saira Waqar Ahmed
Department of Pediatrics
Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
Email : email@example.com
Weaning is the process by which an infant gradually becomes accustomed to an adult diet. During weaning, supplementary foods other than milk are introduced in order to meet the child's increased nutritional demands. However, beast milk remains an important part of the diet.
Weaning is a hazardous period for many infants. This is because the child may not receive food of adequate nutritional value and the food and drinks provided may be contaminated with pathogenic microbes, including those that cause diarrhea. The danger is that the child will become undernourished due to an inadequate diet and repeated episodes of diarrhea, or will succumb to dehydration caused by an acute episode of diarrhea. Unfortunately, these processes are inter-related: under-nutrition leads to frequent and more severe episodes of diarrhea and diarrhea accelerates the development of under-nutrition.
Some specific problems associated with weaning that can lead to diarrhea are: Preparing and storing weaning foods in unhygienic way that leads to bacterial contamination and Giving milk or other drink prepared with contaminated water or in a contaminated feeding bottle.
Mothers should be taught ways of preparing, giving, and storing weaning foods that minimize the risk of bacterial contamination. These include:
What health care providers should do?
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