ALLERGIC RHINITIS

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Last Updated : 12/25/2010
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Dr Ira Shah
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What are the symptoms of Urticaria and Angioedema?
Urticaria presents as red itchy lesions over the skin that are raised over rest of the skin area. Urticaria and Angioedema SymptomsThey occur in various shapes and sizes. Urticaria can occur anywhere on the body. It is very common disease and cause often is unknown. It resolves by itself and is rarely life-threatening. Angioedema can spread rapidly leading to skin rash and swelling. If it involves the throat it may lead to difficulty in breathing and can be life threatening.

Urticaria and Angioedema


What are the types of Urticaria?
Urticaria is divided into three categories:
1. Acute: It is also known as hives and the lesions are short lived.
2. Chronic: Urticaria that lasts for 6 weeks is called as chronic urticaria.
3. Physical: Urticaria is triggered by physical factors such as heat, light, cold, pressure on the skin and even water. The weals usually appear within minutes and last for less than an hour.

What are known causes of Urticaria and Angioedema?
In most patients, the causes of Urticaria and Angioedema are unknown. Less than 10% of the patient can relate their symptoms to exposure to certain medications, foods or foods additives, infections, physical contact, immune disorder or some type of illness.

How is

diagnosis of Urticaria and Angioedema

made?

Diagnosis of Urticaria can be made on clinical symptoms.

What should you do if your child gets Urticaria or Angioedema?
If your child is getting acute irritation and red patches with uneasiness, contact your family physician for early management. The doctor may prescribe certain medications such as antihistamines for controlling the urticaria. If there is swelling that is rapidly progressing, then the doctor may prescribe steroids in addition.

How can Urticaria and Angioedema be prevented?
If the source of allergy is known, avoiding the allergen may be useful. In most cases, it can't be prevented because source of illness is not known.



Contributor Information and Disclosures Dr Ira Shah
Consultant Pediatrician, B.J.Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India


First Created : 2/25/2001
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