HYDROCEPHALUS

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Last Updated : 1/4/2011
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SANTOSH KARMARKAR
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Complications

Blockage of the shunt

may occur occasionally due to twisting or break at the connections. These need immediate rectification by a small surgery.

Blockage can occur even later with waste products especially in case of hemorrhage or meningitis. Sometimes in a growing child the tube may slide out of the peritoneal cavity, due to an increase in the child's height. All these can be surgically corrected. Infection of the shunt can occur, as with any implant in the body and should be watched for by observing fever, redness or swelling over the shunt tube or a wound discharge. An infected shunt needs to be removed.

Symptoms of blocked shunt


The symptoms of

shunt blockage

are related to raised pressure in the brain. The child who was all right may start vomiting and appear drowsy (sleepy). These symptoms may be accompanied by fever. Whenever a blocked shunt is suspected, you must seek urgent medical help.

Effects of hydrocephalus
In most cases the shunting procedure successfully controls hydrocephalus. Many children will have normal intelligence and development. They may be slow in learning or acquiring coordination.

Blockages, infection and developmental delays require that the family be aware of these problems and actively participate in observation and care of the child.



Contributor Information and Disclosures SANTOSH KARMARKAR
Consultant Pediatric Surgeon, Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai, India


First Created : 1/3/2001
References
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