HIV In Children

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Instructions For The Author
Pediatric Oncall is a premier pediatric website with over 51,000 pediatricians, consultant physicians and specialists as it members. Its popularity among the users is established by its hit rate of over 1.2 million hits/month, which is rapidly increasing. For practicing physicians the website serves as an important source of updating themselves which helps them in the state of art practice of medicine. To show case your work, unusual case report or pose a diagnostic dilemma, this is just the platform for you.

Submission of manuscripts
The manuscript should be submitted directly by filling in "SUBMIT ARTICLE" form online on Pediatric Oncall. Submission of a paper implies that it reports unpublished work and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

General Requirements
  •  All aspects of the manuscript (tables, illustrations, and references) should be prepared according to  the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) requirements.
  •  Author Listing. All authors' names should be listed in their entirety. All authors must clearly present  institutional/professional affiliations and degrees held.
  • Keywords. Authors should provide keywords on the title page
  • Units of Measure. Authors should use Système International (SI) values.
  • Proprietary Products. Authors should use nonproprietary names of drugs or devices unless mention of a manufacturer is pertinent to the discussion. If a proprietary product is cited, the name and location of the manufacturer must also be included.
  • References. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. Citations should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. Review articles should be appropriately cited. References should be in Vancouver style. Abbreviated journal names should reflect the style of Index Medicus.
Preparation of manuscripts
  • Regular articles (Original articles, Review Articles, Educational Articles, Case Reports, Guidelines, Consensus Statement) require a structured abstract.
  • Image Gallery, Diagnostic Dilemma and Viewers Choice (Letter to Editor) do not require an abstract.
  • Each article should have a title page. The title page must include author names, degrees, and institutional/professional affiliations, short title, abbreviations, keywords, financial disclosure and conflict of interest. Please include the contact information for the corresponding author (e.g., address, telephone, fax, and e-mail address).
Word Limit
Original Articles, Review Articles, Educational Articles:

Abstract Length: 300 words or fewer
Article length: 3,000 words or fewer

Case Report:

Abstract length: 200 words or fewer
Article length: 1,5000 words or fewer

Viewer's Choice, Image Gallery:

Article length: 500 words or fewer

Guidelines, Consensus Statements:

Abstract length: 300 words or fewer
Article length: 4,000 words or fewer

NOTE: References and Abstracts are not included in the word count.

Original Articles
Components of an original article include:
  • Structured Abstract
    A structured abstract must include headings, such as Objective, Patients and Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The objective should clearly state the hypothesis; patients and methods, inclusion criteria and study design; results, the outcome of the study; and conclusions, the outcome in relation to the hypothesis and possible directions of future study.
  • Introduction
    A 1- to 2-paragraph introduction outlining the wider context that generated the study and the hypothesis.
  • Patients and Methods
    A "Patients and Methods" section detailing inclusion criteria and study design to ensure reproducibility of the research.
  • Discussion
    An expanded discussion highlighting antecedent literature on the topic and how the current study changes the perception of a disease process.
  • Conclusion
    A concluding paragraph presenting the impact of the study and possible new research on the subject.
Review Article
Review Articles combine and/or summarize data from the knowledge base of a topic. These articles can include systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Structured abstracts for systematic reviews are recommended and headings should include: Context, Objective, Data Sources, Study Selection, Data Extraction, Results, and Conclusions.

Case Reports
Case Report articles highlight unique presentations of disease processes to expand the differential diagnosis and improve patient care. Case Report articles should be structured as follows:
  • Abstract
    An unstructured abstract that summarizes the case(s).
  • Introduction
    A brief introduction (recommended length, 1-2 paragraphs).
  • Patient Presentation
    A case report section that details patient presentation, initial diagnosis, and outcome.
  • Discussion
    A discussion section including a brief review of the relevant literature and how this case brings new understanding to the disease process.
Figures, Tables and Multimedia

Authors should number figures in the order in which they appear in the text. Figures include graphs, charts, photographs, and illustrations. Each figure should be accompanied by a legend that does not exceed 50 words. Use abbreviations unless these have not been expanded in the text. If a figure is reproduced from another source, authors are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder, and proof of permission must be sent to the editorial office, at initial submission. Authors are also required to provide level of magnification for histology slides.

File types acceptable: TIFF, GIF, JPEG

Tables should be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text and include appropriate headers. Tables should not reiterate information presented in the Results section, but rather should provide clear and concise data that further illustrate the main point. Tabular data should directly relate to the hypothesis.

Videos should be submitted in QuickTime 4.0 or higher format. All videos should be submitted at the desired reproduction size and length. To avoid excessive delays in downloading the files, videos should be no more than 6MB in size, and run between 30 and 60 seconds in length. Authors are encouraged to use QuickTime’s “compress” option when preparing files to help control file size. Video files should be named clearly to correspond with the figure they represent (i.e.,, etc). Be sure all video files have filenames that are no more than 8 characters long, and include the suffix “.mov.

IMPORTANT: One to four traditional still images from the video must be provided, along with mm:ss time indexes for each. These still images will be published in the print edition of the article and will act as thumbnail images in the electronic edition that will link to the full video file. Please indicate clearly in your text whether a figure has a video associated with it, and be sure to indicate the name of the corresponding video file. A brief figure legend should also be provided.

File Types acceptable: MPEG

For audio files, use MP3 or WAV files

Supplement Issues
The proceedings of sponsored meetings can be sent for publication in online supplement issue of Pediatric Oncall.

File type: Word or pdf.

Manuscript Submission
Pediatric Oncall requires that all manuscripts be submitted electronically. To submit a manuscript, please go to the link given below:

Conditions of Publication
All authors are required to affirm the following statements before their manuscript is considered:
  • That the manuscript is being submitted only to Pediatric Oncall, that it will not be submitted elsewhere while under consideration, that it has not been published elsewhere, and, should it be published in Pediatric Oncall, that it will not be published elsewhere—either in similar form or verbatim—without permission of the editors. These restrictions do not apply to abstracts or to press reports of presentations at scientific meetings.
  • That all authors are responsible for reported research.
  • That all authors have participated in the concept and design; analysis and interpretation of data; drafting or revising of the manuscript, and that they have approved the manuscript as submitted.
  • All authors are also required to disclose any professional affiliation, financial agreement, or other involvement with any company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript.
Acceptance Criteria
Relevance to readers is of major importance in manuscript selection. Pediatric Oncall will consider manuscripts in the following categories: reports of original research, particularly clinical research; review articles; and case reports. Generally, all papers will be reviewed by at least two outside consultants who are selected by the editors based on their expertise in the topic of the manuscript. A report of original research will be judged on the importance and originality of the research, its scientific strength, its clinical relevance, the clarity with which it is presented, and the number of submissions on the same topic. The decision to publish is not based on the direction of results. Case reports are of interest only when they present a new entity or illustrate a major new aspect of a previously reported entity. If your manuscript is accepted, the editors reserve the right to determine whether it will be published in the print edition (which includes electronic publication) or only in the electronic edition of Pediatric Oncall.

Upon acceptance of a manuscript, the authors will receive a standard copyright agreement, which must be signed and returned to the editor. All accepted manuscripts become the permanent property of Pediatric Oncall and may not be published elsewhere, in whole or in part, without written permission from the Pediatric Oncall(with certain exceptions).

See Also: Copyright declaration

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