Dental Caries is the most common of all oral diseases, and
since the average individual has his first experience with this disease
in childhood , it is particularly important to deal with it from the 1st
to his 12th year of life. For in these years, the milk teeth erupt, function,
exfoliate and the permanent teeth excluding the 3rd molars erupt into functional
For early treatment of dental caries, it
is of utmost importance at what age the child gets his first dental checkup.
It is recommended that between 11/2-2 years of age, children must have their
first checkup before any extensive cavities are established.
Dental Caries very often appears as a white
chalky area on the enamel. It later softens and then the tooth structure
breaks down. If not treated in the initial stages, it progresses towards
the pulp and will then require extensive treatment to save the tooth.
In children, Dentistry is mainly
aimed towards prevention of dental cavities. Here Fissure Sealants are of
very great importance. Sealants are flowable composite resins applied onto
surfaces of suspectible teeth. They smoothen out the fissuies & pits
& prevent food entrapment that causes decay.
Flouride tablets may also be prescribed
in the children over 3 years of age, if drinking water consumed is not flouridated.
The flouride absorbed gets incorporated into the tooth enamel and makes
them less suspectible to caries.
Last updated on 10-11-2000