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Complications of Insulin Therapy
Hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar): This is a major side effect and the patient should be educated about it before initiation of insulin and he should be taught about the emergency measures to be taken in such a condition.
Edema: Insulin has salt retaining properties and may cause fluid retention in some patients.
Lipodystrophy (Abnormal fat accumulation): This may present as lipoatrophy (decreased fat) or lipohypertrophy (increased fat). Lipoatrophy was seen with the use of older insulins and it is rare with the newer insulins. Lipohypertrophy can be seen with the use of any insulin. The best way to avoid this condition is to frequently change the site of injections.
Local or systemic hypersensitivity reactions
Never be in haste. Always start with a low dose, go slow. There is no rush to achieve adequate control since this may take several weeks. Start with 8-10 units twice daily. Increase by 2-4 units every 2-3 days according to capillary blood glucose values and your physical condition.
You should always consult your physician about any healthcare questions you may have, especially before trying a new medication, diet, fitness program, or approach to health care issues.
Last updated on 13-12-2002
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