Hydrocephalus can be detected by observing the childs behavior
and a few physical signs, and it can be confirmed with simple
In a small baby
Poor feeding, high pitch cry, excessive sleepiness, enlarging
head with soft areas on the top (fontanelles), inability to move
eyes upwards and vomiting will prompt the diagnosis.
In an older child
Lethargy, irritability and a drop in the school performance are
Ultrasonography (USG), computerized Tomography (CT scan) or magnetic
resonance Imaging (MRI) will confirm the diagnosis, show the degree
of ventricular enlargement, the site of the blockage and offending
cause(s) and a few physical signs, and it can be confirmed.
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updated on 09-10-2001