Blockage of the shunt may occur occasionally due to twisting or
break at the connections. These need immediate rectification by
a small surgery.
can occur even later with waste products especially in case of
hemorrhage or meningitis. Sometimes in a growing child the tube
may slide out of the peritoneal cavity, due to an increase in
the childs height. All these can be surgically corrected.
Infection of the shunt can occur, as with any implant in the body
and should be watched for by observing fever, redness or swelling
over the shunt tube or a wound discharge. An infected shunt needs
to be removed.
of blocked shunt
The symptoms of shunt blockage are related to raised pressure
in the brain. The child who was all right may start vomiting and
appear drowsy (sleepy). These symptoms may be accompanied by fever.
Whenever a blocked shunt is suspected, you must seek urgent medical
Effects of hydrocephalus
In most cases the shunting procedure successfully controls hydrocephalus.
Many children will have normal intelligence and development. They
may be slow in learning or acquiring coordination.
infection and developmental delays require that the family be
aware of these problems and actively participate in observation
and care of the child.
long is the shunt tube kept?
The shunt tube, unless blocked or infected by itself causes no
problem and can be kept in place for years. Only if the surgeon
is convinced that it is safe to remove the shunt, it may be removed.
In many cases the tube is kept for a lifetime without causing
updated on 09-10-2001