What is drowning?
Drowning is a condition is when a person falls into a pool of water and water enters into the lungs leading to death within 24 hours. When a person survives more than 24 hours, it is called near-drowning.
What happens when a person drowns?
When the person submerges in water, the person panics leading to entry of water in the throat. As water enters the throat, the throat muscles contract. The person continues to struggle and lot of water continues to enter the stomach. Due to severe spasm of the muscles he/she may lose consciousness and lead to oxygen starvation. The water then also enters into the lungs and further oxygen starvation occurs.
Drowning in cold water may also lead to hypothermia (low body temperature) that may lead to sudden stoppage of the heart and the circulation.
What are the risk factors for drowning?
Toddlers with inadequate supervision may drown in home swimming pools or even topple over in bath tubs and buckets. Drowning may occur in 2-3 in (5-7cm ) of water. Teens may go into unguarded pools, ponds, lakes, and seas and may drown if washed away by undercurrents.
How to help a person who is drowning?
The following measures are useful to help a person who is drowning:
Last created on 01-07-2004
Last updated on 18-11-2006