BITES AND STINGS
Many bites and stings are minor and although irritating, respond well to simple first aid. Bites from humans and animals may be more serious. Because their mouths harbor many germs that can cause infection, these wounds always require medical attention. Snake bites pose a problem due to the venom that may be injected.
1. Remove any sting left in the skin. Use a pair of tweezers. Ensure that you grip the sting below the poison sac so as not to inject further poison into the casualty.
2. Apply cold compress to the area for at least 10-15 minutes. If reaction is severe or irritation persists beyond 48 hours, seek medical advice.
Stings in the Mouth or Throat:
The resultant swelling can cause partial or complete obstruction of the casualty's airway. Stings in and around the mouth can be fatal and should always be treated as an emergency. Treatment
1. Give the casualty ice to suck. Call for an ambulance.
2. Keep the casualty calm and discourage crying or speaking as this may increase the
3. Monitor the casualty for any signs of breathing difficulties.
Animal and human bites:
For a serious wound:
1.Control serious bleeding by direct pressure and, if possible, by elevating the injured part.
2.Apply a sterile dressing.
3.Send the casualty to the hospital.
For a minor wound:
1.Rinse the wound under running water for at least 5 minutes.
2.Wash the wound with soap and warm water.
3.Dry the wound and surrounding area.
4.Apply a suitable dressing.
5.Advise the casualty to seek medical advice
Very rarely are snake bites poisonous. The commonest poisonous snakes are Cobra, Viper, Krait
and Rattle snake.
You may notice
1. A pair of puncture marks.
2. Pain and discomfort around the site of the bite.
3. Swelling and redness around the site of the bite.
If the patient has
Take the child to the hospital immediately.
1. Keep the casualty calm and lay him/her down.
2. Wash the wound with soap and water, if possible.
3. Keep the wound below the level of the heart so that the effects of the venom remain localized.
4. Call for an ambulance.
5. Immobilize the affected part if the casualty becomes restless.
DOíS AND DONíTS
1. Do not attempt to suck out the poison.
2. Do not open the wound with a knife to release the poison.
3. Do Try to Identify the Snake, its coloring and Pattern of Markings as it may help to
determine whether the snake was poisonous or not.