CONJUNCTIVITIS IN CHILDREN
Conjunctiva is a thin transparent membrane that lines the eyeball and eyelid. Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva leads to conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis appears as a pink eye with discharge and itching in the eye. The most common cause of conjunctivitis is a viral infection. Other causes of conjunctivitis are a bacterial infection, allergic reactions and opthalmia neonatorum (conjunctivitis seen in the newborns).
Treatment :- Treatment consists basically of cleaning the eyes and preventing the condition from spreading. Each eye should be cleaned with a clean, wet cotton separately moving the cotton in one direction only (either from left to right or right to left).
Non-prescription eye drops are needed for viral conjunctivitis. Antibiotic eye drops are required for bacterial conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis require steroid eye drops. However, do not use them without consulting your doctor.
If your condition does not improve within 3 days, consult your doctor.
To prevent spread of infection to other people in the household, the following measures are required:-
The child with conjunctivitis will have to be kept away from school for a few days to prevent spread of infection to other children in school.
Last updated on 2-01-2001