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How much to give ?
Less than 24 mths of age:- 50-100 ml per loose stool
2-10 years of age:- 100-200 ml per loose stool
More than 10 years of age:- as much as required
How to give
One teaspoon every 1-2 mins for child less than 2 years and frequent sips from cup for older children. If the child vomits, wait for 10 mins and give slowly.
What are the DANGER SIGNS ?
What are the indications for antibiotics ?
Malnourished or premature infants
Gross blood in stool
Associated non GI infections e.g. pneumonia
What should not be used in treatment of acute diarrhea?
What is the dietary management in diarrhea ?
Children should continue to be fed during acute diarrhea because feeding is physiologically sound and prevents or minimizes the deterioration of nutritional status.
In acute diarrhea breast-feeding should be continued with ORS uninterrupted even during dehydration.
Optimally energy dense foods with the least bulk are recommended for routine feeding and those available in the household should be offered during diarrhea in small quantities but frequently.
Staple foods that do not provide optimal calories per unit weight should be enriched with fats, oil or sugar e.g. khichri with oil rice with milk or curd and sugar, mashed potatoes, mashed oil and lentil.
Foods with high fibre content e.g. coarse fruits and vegetables to be avoided.
In non-breast fed infants, cow or buffalo milk can be given undiluted after correction of dehydration together with semisolid foods. Milk should not be diluted with water. Alternatively milk cereal mixtures can be used.
Routine lactose free feeding is not required in acute diarrhea even when reducing substances are detected in the stools. Lactose malabsorption meriting dietary modification is very uncommon in acute diarrhea.
During recovery, an intake of at least 125% of normal should be attempted with energy dense foods till nutritional status is normal as measured for age.
Last created on 13-12-2002
Last updated on 18-11-2006
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