Chickenpox (Varicella) Vaccine – background - Immunization
 
CHICKENPOX OR VARICELLA VACCINE
Last Updated : 2/1/2016
Sayenna Uduman
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Historical background of Varicella Vaccines
• A live, attenuated vaccine, developed in Japan by Dr Takahashi in 1974; an attenuated wild Oka VZV strain used for all vaccine production except in South Korea
• In 1995, monovalent varicella was approved for use in the United States for healthy people 12 months or older who have not had varicella illness
• In 2005 , a Combo- MMRV ( Quadrivalent - Proquad by Merck & co) was licensed by the CDC /ACIP on basis of safety and of non-inferior immunogenicity compared with separate MMR and V vaccines.
• MMRV combo vaccine use is for healthy children 12 months through 12 years of age
• In 2014 , Indian Academy of Pediatrics updates on immunization ; varicella first dose at 15 months of age and a booster dose at preschool age ( 4 to 6y )
• Refrigerator and freezer stable vaccines

References

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Sayenna Uduman
Sayenna A Uduman MD, FAAP
Visiting Professor, Infection Control Committee & ID Division of the KIMS
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India


First Created : 1/3/2001
Last Updated : 2/1/2016

References

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