Rabies vaccine - Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Adverse reactions - Immunization
 
RABIES VACCINE
Sayenna Uduman
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Pathogenesis
Rabies is caused by RNA viruses in the family Rhabdoviridae, genus lyssavirus. Virus is transmitted in the saliva of rabid animals after a bite or through contamination of an open wound or mucous membrane. The predominant reservoir of rabies in India, with most cases occurring in dogs and rarely in cats. The incubation period (1–3 months but ranges from days to years) is long enough to render immunization a highly effective strategy for post exposure prophylaxis (Post EP), which is an emergency.
Key interventions for rabies control include vaccination for high-risk individuals, surveillance of human cases, post-exposure prophylaxis following animal bites, vaccination and/or culling of the canine population and other animal reservoirs. In India, especially animal rabies is common and education of children to avoid contact with stray or wild animals is of primary importance.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures

Sayenna Uduman
Sayenna A Uduman MD, FAAP
Visiting Professor, Infection Control Committee & ID Division of the KIMS
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India


First Created : 2/1/2016

References

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