Central Venous Catheterization

Dr. Ira Shah
Consultant Pediatrician, B.J.Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India
First Created: 04/09/2001  Last Updated: 08/01/2015

Patient Education

What is a central venous catheter?

A catheter is a long, soft silicone rubber tube. It is used to give fluids, injections, or draw blood whenever necessary by placing in a large vein in the body. It may be placed in the vein in the chest or neck or hand. The catheter is designed in such a way that it can stay in the body for weeks to months to prevent repeated pricks in the child. The traditional needles put into the veins can be kept in place only for 2-3 days before they get blocked or infected. When this happens, a new needle must be inserted and thus frequent pricks.

When is the central venous catheter used in a child?

A child on chemotherapy for cancer or a child on dialysis for kidney failure would need access to the blood circulation for a long time either for giving medications or to remove the toxins from the blood. In these children, a central venous catheter would be required.

Central Venous Catheterization Central Venous Catheterization https://www.pediatriconcall.com/show_article/default.aspx?main_cat=medical-procedures&sub_cat=central-venous-catheterization&url=central-venous-catheterization-patient-education 2015-08-01
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