Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation Of Lung

Dr. Ira Shah
Consultant Pediatrician, B.J.Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India
First Created: 02/05/2001  Last Updated: 02/05/2001

Patient Education

What is cystic adenomatoid malformation?

It is a birth defect of the lung characterized by cysts in the lung since birth leading to difficulty in breathing (respiratory distress) right from the first day of life.

What are the signs and symptoms of cystic adenomatoid malformation?

Most of the newborns present with respiratory distress at the time of birth. A few may have indolent respiratory infections with chronic cough. Some children may have generalized body swelling, pneumonia, or intestinal obstruction associated with it.

What is the cause of cystic adenomatoid malformation?

The abnormal development occurs in the baby when in the mother's womb. Adenomatoid (normal tissue but put together improperly) overgrowth of lung tissue leads to this situation. The reason for the abnormal development is still not known.

How is the diagnosis of cystic adenomatoid malformation made?

An X-Ray Chest usually detects the malformation in the majority of patients. CT or MRI of the chest may be required to exclude other conditions that may mimic cystic adenomatoid malformation. Chest X-Ray and CT may show large masses containing multiple, large thin-walled cysts.

What is the treatment for cystic adenomatoid malformation?

Patients with severe respiratory distress may require artificial ventilation with ventilators to maintain oxygen supply to the body. Corrective surgery in the form of removal of the malformed mass or the affected lung (lobectomy) may be required.


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