Diagnostic Dilemma

Vomiting in a child with epilepsy

Author: Pediatric Oncall
A 4½ years old boy presented with vomiting for 3 days. He has epilepsy since 1½ years of age and has an episode of seizure once in 15 days. He was on carbamazepine and phenytoin for the same. Carbamazepine had been increased to 45 mg/kg/day since past 1 week. There is no jaundice, pain in the abdomen. On examination, there is no significant finding. Serum drug level of Carbamazepine was 11.6 (Normal = 4-12), Serum phenytoin was low. Liver transaminases were normal. The child was treated with anti-emetics, ranitidine, and antacids but vomiting did not subside.

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