Drug Index

Sodium Bicarbonate

 
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Mechanism :

Sodium Chloride is source of water and electrolytes. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient. It is a crystalloid given intravenously in case of shock, dehydration, and diarrhoea to increase the plasma volume.


Indication :

• Metabolic acidosis


Contraindications :

Contraindicated in any situation where salt retention is undesirable such as edema, heart disease, cardiac decompensation and primary or secondary aldosteronism.


Dosing :

Individualise the dose as per the formula: 0.6 x weight x deficit IV/PO.


Adverse Effect :

Local reactions which may occur due to injection are infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation, and hypervolemia.


Interaction :

Corticosteroids or Corticotropin: Caution must be exercised in the administration of Sodium Chloride.


07/15/2019 06:17:20 Sodium Bicarbonate
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