Drug Index

Fenoldopam

 
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Mechanism :

A selective postsynaptic dopamine agonist (D1-receptors) which exerts hypotensive effects by decreasing peripheral vasculature resistance with increased renal blood flow, diuresis, and natriuresis; 6 times as potent as dopamine in producing renal vasodilatation; has minimal adrenergic effects.


Indication :

• Severe hypertension


Contraindications :

No contraindications.


Dosing :

Severe hypertension: IV: Initial: 0.2 mcg/kg/minute; may increase in increments of 0.3 to 0.5 mcg/kg/minute every 20 to 30 minutes (Maximum dose: 0.8 mcg/kg/minute); limit for short-term (4 hours) use.


Adverse Effect :

Flushing, hypotension, headache, nausea, angina pectoris, bradycardia, cardiac failure, chest pain, ECG abnormality (ST-T abnormalities), extrasystoles, inversion T wave on ECG, myocardial infarction, orthostatic hypotension, palpitations, tachycardia, anxiety, dizziness, insomnia, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, increased lactate dehydrogenase, hemorrhage, leucocytosis, increased serum transaminases, increased blood urea nitrogen, increased serum creatinine.


Interaction :

Amphetamines: May diminish the antihypertensive effect of Antihypertensive Agents.
Antipsychotic Agents (Second Generation [Atypical]): Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect.
Barbiturates: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents.
Hypotension-Associated Agents: Blood Pressure Lowering Agents may enhance the hypotensive effect of Hypotension-Associated Agents.


07/14/2019 06:57:20 Fenoldopam
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