Drug Index

Normal Saline

 
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Mechanism :

Sodium Chloride is source of water and electrolytes. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient. It is a crystalloid given intravenously in case of shock, dehydration, and diarrhoea to increase the plasma volume.


Indication :

• Hyponatremia

• Shock

• Maintenance fluids

• Dehydration


Contraindications :

Contraindicated in any situation where salt retention is undesirable such as edema, heart disease, cardiac decompensation and primary or secondary aldosteronism.


Dosing :

IV. Upto 10 kg: 100 ml/kg/day IV.

10-20 kg: 100 ml/kg/day upto 10 kgs + 50 ml/kg/day above 10 kg.

Above 20 kg: 100 ml/kg/day upto 10 kg + 50 ml/kg/day for 10-20 kg + 20 ml/kg/day above 20 kg.


Adverse Effect :

Infection at the site of injection, thrombophlebitis.


Interaction :

Corticosteroids or Corticotropin: Caution must be exercised in the administration of Sodium Chloride.


07/17/2019 20:34:11 Normal Saline
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