Drug Index

Tetracycline

 
print

Mechanism :

The tetracyclines are primarily bacteriostatic and are thought to exert their antimicrobial effect by the inhibition of protein synthesis. The tetracyclines, including minocycline, have similar antimicrobial spectra of activity against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. Cross-resistance of these organisms to tetracyclines is common.


Indication :

• Acne

• Chlamydia

• Non-gonococcal urethritis

• Trachoma

• Lymphogranuloma venereum

• Plague


Contraindications :

This drug is contraindicated in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines, in children <8 years. Avoid in complete renal failure. Use with caution in patients with hepatic dysfunction.


Dosing :

Oral: >8 years: 25-50 mg/kg/day orally divided every 6 hours. Max: 3 g/day.


Adverse Effect :

Fever and discoloration of secretions, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspepsia, stomatitis, glossitis, dysphagia, enamel hypoplasia, enterocolitis, pseudomembranous colitis, pancreatitis, inflammatory lesions, hyperbilirubinemia, autoimmune hepatitis, alopecia, erythema nodosum, hyperpigmentation of nails, pruritus, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and vasculitis. bone discoloration, exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus and pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, neutropenia, pancytopenia, brown-black microscopic discoloration of the thyroid gland (on prolonged use). Tooth discoloration in children less than 8 years of age.


Interaction :

Anticoagulant therapy: May require downward adjustment of their anticoagulant dosage.
Penicillin: May interfere with the bactericidal action of penicillin, it is advisable to avoid giving tetracycline-class drugs in conjunction with penicillin.
Antacids: Absorption of is impaired by antacids containing aluminium, calcium, or magnesium, and iron-containing preparations.
Oral Contraceptives: Concurrent use of tetracyclines with oral contraceptives may render oral contraceptives less effective.


08/08/2019 17:07:02 Tetracycline
ask a doctor
Ask a Doctor
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0