ISSN - 0973-0958

Pediatric Oncall Journal View Article

Internet Victimization and Depression among Adolescents
Anand Kr Agarwal1, Ashish Verma1, Manisha Agarwal2.
1Department of Pediatrics, Career Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India,
2Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Career Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Internet victimization and depression has become an important public mental health issue affecting children and adolescents. According to the stress generation model of depression, individuals with depressive symptoms may contribute to the generation of additional stress in their lives, including victimization.
Material & Methods: Nine hundred students, aged between 13-18 years were randomly selected and surveyed regarding the involvement of violence in the last six months from the schools of Lucknow city. Among victims, the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ9) were also administered to assess the degree of depression.
Observations: Out of 900 adolescents, 650 (72.2%) used the internet. Total 492 (75.7%) of children were bullied of which 270 (41.5%) were boys and 222 (34.2%) were girls. According to PHQ9 score, 414 (84.1%) suffered from depression of which 381 (77.4%) had minimal depression, 31 (6.3%) had mild depression and 2 (0.4%) had moderate depression. None suffered from severe depression. Among the remaining 250 children who were non-users of internet, 18 (7.2 %) had depression (p <0.0001).
Discussion: Internet usage and depression are hand-in-hand. Depressed teens are more likely to become targets of bullying than their healthier peers.

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