ISSN - 0973-0958

Pediatric Oncall Journal View Article

Prevalence and Profile of Vitamin D in Infants
Rachana Gedam Wagmare1, Drishti Tolani2.
1Consultant Pediatrician, Natalee Clinic, Pune, India,
2Seth G S Medical College, Seth G S Medical College, KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India.
Aim: To determine the prevalence and profile of vitamin D in infants
Methods: This cross-sectional analysis was done over a period of 6 months in 29 infants admitted in our pediatric ward at a tertiary referral hospital. Their serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D, calcium, phosphorous, alkaline phosphatase and hemoglobin levels were noted. Association of vitamin D levels with various clinical and laboratory markers were analyzed.
Results: Mean age of presentation was 6.1±3 months. Male to female ratio was 15:14. Mean serum calcium was 9.2 ± 1.7 mg/dl, alkaline phosphatase was 501.6±427.3 IU/ml and phosphorus was 5.1 ± 1.4 and mean serum vitamin D levels were 15.7 ± 10.9 ng/ml. Vitamin D was deficient in 10 (34.5%) patients and insufficient in 11 patients (37.9%). Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) was present in 17 (58.6%) patients, hypocalcemic seizures were present in 7 (20.7%), anemia was seen in 25 (86.2%) and 16 (55.2%) patients were malnourished. Gender (p=0.46), anemia (p=0.608), malnutrition (p=0.184), LRTI (p=0.514), hypocalcemia (p=0.0.7), elevated alkaline phosphatase (p=0.11) had no association with vitamin D levels whereas low serum phosphorous levels (p=0.031) was more common in those with insufficient vitamin D levels and seizures were common in those with vitamin D deficiency.
Conclusion: Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency is highly prevalent in infants less than 1 year of age. Low serum phosphorus is seen in vitamin D insufficiency. Seizures occur in patients with vitamin D deficiency.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Disclaimer: The information given by is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0