ISSN - 0973-0958
   
 
Reduction of Asthma Symptoms in Children by Lifestyle Modification
C V Krishnankutty1, K R Subbaraman2.
1Consultant Pediatrician, PVS hospital, Kozhikode, Kerala, 2Department of Pediatrics, Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.
 
Abstract

Aim: To determine whether adopting lifestyle modifications of healthy food and feeding habits could reduce the asthma symptoms and wheezing in children.
Design: This prospective study of 12 weeks duration included 106 chronic wheezers and 50 controls from 6 months to 14 years of age. The study group was subjected to lifestyle modifications (proper feeding practices, correct posture and healthy food habits) whereas, the control group received treatment with inhaled corticosteroid and leukotriene inhibitors.
Results: The demographics and initial clinical presentations were comparable in both groups with no statistical significance. In the study group all clinical parameters (cough, breathlessness and rhonchi) showed significant improvement as early as 2 weeks. By 12 weeks, more than 80% were symptom-free in the study group (cough 19% v/s 36 %; p=0.01, breathlessness 3% v/s 18%, p=0.0009 and rhonchi 17% v/s 34%, p=0.01 in the cases and controls respectively).
Conclusions: Asthma symptoms and wheezing in children could be reduced by lifestyle modifications of healthy food and feeding practises. Use of inhalers and leukotriene inhibitors could be avoided in more than 80% of the subjects
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