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A rare skeletal dysplasia
Prashant Patil, Pallavi Saple.
Department of Pediatrics, Cama and Albless Hospital and Grant Medical College, Mumbai.

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Patil P, Saple P. A rare skeletal dysplasia. Pediatr Oncall J. 2010;7: 24.

Address for Correspondence
Dr Prashant Patil, NICU, Department of Pediatrics, Cama and Albless Hospital, Mumbai -400001.

Email
drprashant1981@gmail.com

A term female neonate was delivered by cesarean section with birth weight of 2.6 kg with APGAR at 1min 3 and at 5min 7. Examination revealed short bowed legs, bell shaped chest, soft cleft palate, distinctive flattened facies, bilateral talipus equinovarus, pretibial pits and multiple café au lait spots and hepatosplenomegaly. Infantogram showed telephone handle appearance of long bones, flat vertebral bodies. Abdominal ultrasound showed hepatosplenomegaly. Karyotyping revealed 46XX. Patient died on day 6 of respiratory insufficiency.

What is the diagnosis?

 
Campomelic dysplasia. It is a rare autosomal dominant congenital short limbed dwarfism characterized by congenital bowing of long bones associated with skeletal and extra skeletal features like pretibial pits, hypoplastic lungs, malformations of cervical spine, heart, and kidneys. Characteristic feature is male to female sex reversal. It is caused by mutations in the SRY related gene SOX9. It has almost fatal outcome.

Funding: - none

Contribution of each author: Both authors were involved in diagnosis and management of patient. PP was involved in preparation of manuscript. PS will act as guarantor of the paper.

E-published: January 2010. Vol 7 Issue 1 Art No. 7
 
Funding: None
 
Conflict of Interest: None
 
Cite this article as :
Patil P, Saple P. A rare skeletal dysplasia. Pediatr Oncall J. 2010;7: 24.
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