ISSN - 0973-0958

Necrotising Fascitis in a Neonate

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Necrotising Fascitis in a Neonate

Neelu Desai, Sujata Sharma.
Dept of Pediatrics, TN Medical College, BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai 400008.
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Desai N, Sharma S. NECROTISING FASCITIS IN A NEONATE. Pediatr Oncall J. 2006;3: 54.

Address for Correspondence
Dr Neelu Desai, Vishnuprasad, 2nd floor, 69, Ranade road, Dadar [w], Mumbai 400028
 
Case

A full term 16 days old female infant weighing 2 kgs was admitted for fever, lethargy and refusal to feed. Physical examination revealed erythematous, tender area over the back with gangrenous changes and generalized skin exfoliation. Immediate extensive surgical debridement of the necrotic tissue and fascia was done. Intravenous antibiotics, fluid resuscitation and analgesia were commenced. The wound culture grew staphylococcus aureus. Skin biopsy showed septal panniculitis with damaged connective tissue and dystrophic fibres corroborating with the diagnosis of necrotizing fascitis. The patient succumbed to septicemia on day 13 of hospital stay.

Figure 1: Necrotizing fascitis with exposure of underlying bone


Discussion

Necrotizing fascitis is rare in newborn [66 cases reported] with a fulminant course and high mortality [59%]. It is a bacterial infection of skin, subcutaneous tissue and fascia characterized by rapid spread, marked tissue edema and systemic toxicity. Wound cultures are polymicrobial. Hyperbaric oxygen and skin grafting have been tried but could not be done in our patient with our limited resources.
 
Funding
None
 
Conflict of Interest
None
 
Cite this article as: :
Desai N, Sharma S. NECROTISING FASCITIS IN A NEONATE. Pediatr Oncall J. 2006;3: 54.
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