Semecarpis anacardium
 
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Marking nuts {bhilawa} are black, heart-shaped with rough protection at the base. They have a thick, cellular pericarp` which contains an irritant juice which is brownish, oily and acrid but turns brown on exposure to air. The active principles are semicarpol and bhilawanol.
Route :
Contact, Ingestion
Fatal Dose :
5- 10 g.
Fatal Period :
12 to 24 hours.
Clinical Picture :
Applied externally, the juice causes irritation and a painful blister which contains acrid serum, which produces eczematous eruptions of the neighbouring skin with which it comes into contact, and there is itching. The lesion resembles a bruise. Later, an ulcer is produced and there may be sloughing. When taken by mouth, the juice causes less irritant action. In a large dose, it produces blisters on the throat and severe gastrointestinal irritation, dyspnoea, tachycardia, hypotension, cyanosis, absence of reflexes, delirium, coma and death.
Treatment :
On general lines
07/14/2019 01:28:30 Semecarpis Anacardium
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