War gases

The essential qualities of a war gas are:
•cheapness
•toxicity in low concentrations
•heavier than air
•causes vasodilation
•stable chemical composition
•chemical composition should not corrode the container

Examples:

•Lacrimators {tear gases}: eg. chloractophenoone, bromobenzylcyanide, ethyl iodoacetate
Effects: irritation of eyes ,respiratory passages and GIT
Treatment: Fresh air, eye wash

•Lung irritantspersphyxiants {choking gases}: eg. chlorine, phosgene, diphosgene and chloropicrin
Effects: Irritation of eyes, dyspnoea, cyanosis
Treatment: eye wash, oxygenation, adrenaline and antibiotics

•Vesicants {blister gases}: eg. mustard gas and lewisite
Effects: vesication, ulceration and irritation of eyes and respiratory tract
Treatment: Wash the eye, British Anti Lewisite

•Sternutators, nasal irritants {vomiting gases}: eg. diphenyl chlorasine, diphenylamine chlorasine, diphenyl cynarasine,
Effects: nasal irritation and vomiting
Treatment: symptomatic

•Blood poisons, paralysants: eg. carbon monoxide, hydrocyanic acid, hydrogen sulphide
Effects: CNS and respiratory depression
Treatment: Specific treatment and oxygenation

•Nerve gases
Effects: Acetylcholine poisonong


05/27/2022 00:45:55 War gases
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0