Dr. Ira Shah
Consultant Pediatrician, B.J.Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India
First Created: 01/02/2001  Last Updated: 08/01/2015

Patient Education

What is Mumps?

Mumps is an acute viral infection characterized by enlargement of the salivary glands in the check mainly the parotid glands. It is caused by the mumps virus.

How does mumps spread?

Mumps virus is present worldwide. Mumps tends to occur in winter or early spring. The virus is present in the saliva and spreads through airborne droplets. A patient will be able to transmit the virus from several days before the onset of the symptoms to almost 9 days after the symptoms arise.

Mumps can be prevented by giving MMR vaccine and thus incidence all over the world has now substantially decreased. Infection with the virus or vaccination with the MMR vaccine gives life long protection against repeat infection.

What are the symptoms of mumps?

Most patients develop enlargement and pain in the salivary glands giving a swelling over both the cheeks. There is earache, pain in the jaws on chewing, and dry mouth. The salivary gland swelling may initially be on one side but usually involves both sides. The swelling resolves in about a week.

What are the complications of mumps?

Occasionally mumps virus may infect the testis (in boys). It is especially seen in adolescents in adults. The testis may be swollen and tender. This may be only on one side usually and seen 1-2 weeks after the salivary glands are infected. The pain in the testis may last for 7-10 days.

Rarely, mumps may affect the brain (encephalitis) usually after several weeks after the initial infection. Patients may come with fever, headache, and even fits (seizures).

The involvement of the pancreas is another manifestation of mumps and is seen in about 5 percent of the patients. Also very rarely deafness may occur.

How is the diagnosis of mumps made?

Mumps with salivary gland involvement is a clinical diagnosis. Blood tests such as serum amylase may be elevated.

What is the treatment of mumps?

There is no specific cure. Painkillers are prescribed to decrease the pain over the glands. Also, saltwater gargles and lozenges may help to relieve the dry mouth and pain during chewing.

How is mumps prevented?

MMR vaccine given at 15 months helps to prevent mumps. It gives life long immunity again mumps.

Mumps Mumps 2015-08-01
Disclaimer: The information given by is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0