ISSN - 0973-0958
   
 
Language Development and Television Exposure in Children
Dwi Herawati Ritonga, Sri Sofyani.
Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.
 
Abstract

Language development is an indicator for all of child development. In general, there are two main factors that influence language development: genetic factors and environmental factors. Television is a part of environmental factor. Repeated exposure to television can affect child language development. There are very few studies on the relationship between television exposure and language development in children. In some studies it was reported that television exposure had a positive impact on cognitive development and language in children. Meanwhile, in other studies it was reported that there was no significant impact between television exposure time and language ability in children. High television exposure in first year of life is related to lack of attention in school. Violent television exposure may also result in a child experiencing a behavioral disorder. However, age-appropriate educational television programs can teach new vocabulary to children. Thus, effect of television exposure and its effect on language development still needs to be further evaluated.
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