Adolescents Sleep Quality and Internet Addiction
Anand K Agarwal1, Ashish Verma2, Manisha Agarwal3, Santosh K Singh4.
1Department of Pediatrics, Hind Institute of Medical Science, Mau, Atariya, Sitapur, Uttar Pradesh, India,
2Department of Pediatrics, Career Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India,
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Mau, Atariya, Sitapur, Uttar Pradesh, India,
4Department of Pediatrics, Saraswati Medical College, Unnao, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Abstract
Aim: To determine the prevalence of internet addiction and its effect on the quality of sleep amongst Indian adolescents.
Methods and Material: A population of 450 adolescent students aged between 9-18 yrs were randomly selected from urban schools of Lucknow for a cross sectional survey. Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was applied to know the internet addiction. Sleep quality was assessed by using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Results: Out of 450 children, internet usage was seen in 351 (78%) students. Male: female ratio was 252:198. Mild, moderate and severe addicts were 124 (53.31%), 102 (43.77%) and 7 (3%) respectively. Disturbed sleep was found in 127 (36.18%) and 58 (16.80%) students whose global PSQI score was 5 and >5 respectively. Overall 172 (73.81%) children with internet addiction faced bad quality of sleep. Trouble in sleep, bad dreams, took medicine for sleep and low enthusiasm to get things done was reported by 180 (96.77%), 137 (73.65%), 33 (17.74%), and 63 (33.87%) students respectively. Total 193 (82.83%) students used the screen after going to bed.
Conclusion: Severe internet addiction is not common in Indian adolescents. Bad quality of sleep was seen in most children with internet addiction. There is high nighttime internet use by adolescents which may cause a state of high arousal and interfere with the soothing process of sleep.

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