ISSN - 0973-0958

Pediatric Oncall Journal View Article

Relationship of Anemia in Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight Infants
Ghina Syafiqoh1, Reni Ghrahani2, Tetty Yuniati2.
1Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia,
2Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.
Abstract
Aim: The study was done to understand the relationship between pregnant women with anemia and low birth weight (LBW) in neonates born to them.
Methods and Materials: This cross sectional study was done from medical records of infants born in a tertiary referral hospital between January-March 2019. Total 379 medical records taken by total sampling. Bivariate analysis using chi-square was done to find the relationship between anemia of pregnant women and the incidence of LBW infants. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to find the relationship between maternal age, total parity, gestational age, infant gender, and anemia simultaneously with LBW infants.
Results: From 379 pregnant women, 138 (36.4%) had anemia and 60 (15.8%) pregnant women among them gave birth to LBW infants. Pregnant women who were not anemic amounted to 241 pregnant women (63.6%), which 114 (30.1%) of them gave birth to LBW infants (p=0.47). From the multivariate analysis, the variables anemia in pregnancy, maternal age, and gender of the infant were not associated with LBW, while the amount of parity and gestational age were significantly associated with LBW incidence. Nuliparous women [p=0.039, AOR 1.91 (95% CI 1.03-3.54)] were more likely to deliver LBW infants than multiparous women. Infants born to mothers at preterm gestation [p=<0.001, AOR 32.9 (95% CI 18.28-59.24)] were more likely to experience low birth weight compared to mothers at term gestation.
Conclusion: There was no relationship between anemia in pregnancy and LBW infants.

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