ISSN - 0973-0958

Comparison of Throat Swab / Oropharyngeal Secretions With and Without Chest Physiotherapy in Small Children Unable To Expectorate In Absence of Invasive Methods in Lower Respiratory Infections

01/09/2014 00:00:00 https://www.pediatriconcall.com/Journal/images/journal_cover.jpg
   
 

Comparison of Throat Swab / Oropharyngeal Secretions With and Without Chest Physiotherapy in Small Children Unable To Expectorate In Absence of Invasive Methods in Lower Respiratory Infections

Karuna Thapar, Sandeep Aggarwal, Naresh Jindal.
Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Amritsar.
Cite this article  Copy Citation
Thapar K, Aggarwal S, Jindal N. Comparison of Throat Swab-Oropharyngeal Secretions with and Without Chest Physiotherapy in Small Children Unable to Expectorate in Absence of Invasive Methods in Lower Respiratory Infections. Pediatr Oncall J. 2007;4.

Address for Correspondence
Dr Sandeep Aggarwal, Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Amritsar. India
 
Email
drsandeep222@yahoo.co.in
 
Discussion
Introduction:
In lower respiratory tract infections in children it is important to identify pathogens in lower airways for effective antibiotic therapy. Except sputum collection, other techniqueslike bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, and lung aspirates are invasive. In addition, young children cannot expectorate. This study demonstrates the importance of throat swab and oropharyngeal secretions in diagnosing micro-organisms in small children with lower respiratory tract infections especially after physiotherapy. Early detection of causative pathogen is our necessity and to develop the methods within the available resources is our compulsion, satisfaction and invention.

Design: A prospective hospital based study.

Setting and Methods: 15 out of 65 children aged 2 months-1.5 years admitted with respiratory distress in the Pediatrics Department of Government Medical College Amritsar from January 2006 to March 2006were the subjects of the study after excluding cases with recurrent attacks and cases receiving antibiotics just before admission. Throat swab was collected by gently rubbing a sterile swab stick over pharyngeal wall and replacing the same in sterile vials. Oropharyngeal secretions was collected by gentle suctioning by sterile and disposable neonatal mucus sucker attached to gentle suction machine to avoid contamination. For samples after physiotherapy, child was given chest physiotherapy and samples were collected thereafter.

Results: During the study period, a total of 60 samples from 15 patients were collected, 46% (28/60 samples) were positive for pathogens. Mean age of patients was 5.6 months. Out of positive cultures 39% (11/28 samples) were of Streptococcus pneumoniae, 28.5% for Klebsiella pneumoniae, 21% for Enterobacter, 10% for Staphylococcus aureus and 7% for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Out of positive cultures, 67.8% (19/28 samples) were after physiotherapy as compared to 32% (9/28 samples) before physiotherapy.

Conclusion: We conclude that throat swab and oropharyngeal secretions after physiotherapy can be used reliably for identification of lower airway pathogens. . Physiotherapy helps in loosening up of secretions in the lower airways and facilitates the movement of the same towards upper airway.
 
Funding
None
 
Conflict of Interest
None
 
Cite this article as: :
Thapar K, Aggarwal S, Jindal N. Comparison of Throat Swab-Oropharyngeal Secretions with and Without Chest Physiotherapy in Small Children Unable to Expectorate in Absence of Invasive Methods in Lower Respiratory Infections. Pediatr Oncall J. 2007;4.
ask a doctor
Ask a Doctor
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0