ISSN - 0973-0958

Pediatric Oncall Journal

Posterior Cervical Adenopathy

Posterior Cervical Adenopathy

Dr Ira Shah.
Medical Sciences Department, Pediatric Oncall, Mumbai, India.

Dr Ira Shah, 1, B Saguna, 271, B St Francis Road, Vile Parle {W}, Mumbai 400056, India.
Clinical Problem
A 12 years old girl presented with recurrent bilateral posterior cervical adenopathy 5 mm in size, mobile, non tender since past 5 years. There is no otorrhoea, recurrent cough, cold or dental caries. Her mantoux test was done which was 25 mm. Chest X-Ray was normal.

Should this child be treated with anti-tuberculous therapy_?
This child has non-matted lymph nodes that wax and wane in size over a period of 5 years. These nodes are in the posterior cervical region. Hence they are unlikely to be tuberculosis. Mantoux test does not tell us whether this child currently has active TB. It only states that child is either exposed to TB bacillus in the past or has received BCG or has been exposed to atypical mycobacteria.
Common causes of posterior cervical adenopathy are dental caries, ear infection or head lice. In this child, she was detected to have head lice. Treatment of head lice lead to resolution of the cervical nodes.
Compliance with ethical standards
Funding:  None  
Conflict of Interest:  None
Cite this article as:
Shah I. Posterior Cervical Adenopathy. Pediatr Oncall J. 2012;9: 56. doi: 10.7199/ped.oncall.2012.31
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