Oleander (kaner)
 
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They are two varieties: 1}Nerium odorum{white oleander} – having white, pink or red flowers • Active principle: Nerin and olendrin{glycosides} 2}Cerebra thevetia{ yellow oleander} – having yellow bell shaped flowers, found in temples. All parts of the plant are poisonous
Route :
Ingestion
Fatal Dose :
15 to 20 gm of root, 5 to 15 leaves
Fatal Period :
24hours
Mechanism of action :
•Active principle: erebrin, thevetin, nerifolin, thevetoxin{glycosides}
Clinical Picture :
•GIT irritation •Contact dermatitis •Dilated pupils •Weak pulse and decreased B.P. •Twichings, titanic spasm and locked jaw •Action like strychnine on spinal cord
Treatment :
•Stomach wash •Sodium molar lactate transfusion with glucose and 1atropine, 2mladrenaline nd 2mg noradrenaline is beneficial for cerebra thevetia poisoning •Anaesthetic agents •Morphine •Symptomatic
07/14/2019 02:08:08 Oleander (Kaner)
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