Sodium salt {resembles table salt} is more toxic than potassium salt

Route :
Fatal Dose :
20 to 30gm
Mechanism of action :
•It is a powerful osxidising agent and attacks all body cells. It oxidizes hemoglobin to methemoglobin
Clinical Picture :
•Nausea, vomiting, colicky pain and diarrhea
•Blood, protein and hemoglobin in urine, oliguria, anuria and renal failure
•Hemolysis, jaundice and hepatic failure
•If methhemoglobin levels reach 40 percent or more : agitation, weakness, convulsions and muscular twichings and death due to renal failure

Treatment :
•Stomach wash with warm water or sodium bicarbonate
•Methylene blue 25 ml 1 percent solution i.v.and ascorbic acid 1gm
•peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis
02/16/2024 17:36:48 Chlorate
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