Hydrocyanic acid (prussic acid or cyanogen

Hydrocyanic acid is a vegetable acid found in many fruits and leaves such as almond, apricot, apple, cheery, peach, plum, pear, and in certain oils and besns where it exists as a glucoside amygdalin. The pure acid is colorless, transparent volatile liquid with an odor like bitter almonds and is rapidly decomposed by exposure to light

Route :
Inhalation, ingestion, ingestion through skin
Fatal Dose :
50 to 60mg of pure acid, 200 to 300mg of sodium or potassium cyanide
Fatal Period :
2 to 10 minutes
Mechanism of action :
•Cyanide inhibits the action of various enzymes of various enzymes.
• Cyanides act by reducing the oxygen carrying capacity of blood.
•There is interference with with intracellular oxidative process in tissues

Clinical Picture :
This is the most rapid of all poisons.
•CNS: headache, vertigo, perspiration, anxiety, convulsions, paralysis
•GIT: bitter, acid, burning taste, constriction or numbness of throat
•RS: odor of bitter almonds in breath. Initially tachypnoea and dyspnoea. Later rapid slowing of respiratory rate with severe respiratory depression and cyanosis
•CVS: Initially hypertension, later tachycardia with hypotension
•Glassy and prominent eyes with dilated pupils, unreactive

Treatment :
•Treatment should be started immediately
•The principle of treatment is to reverse the cyanide – cytochrome combination.
03/20/2024 11:57:36 Hydrocyanic acid (prussic acid or cyanogen
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0