War gases

The essential qualities of a war gas are: •cheapness •toxicity in low concentrations •heavier than air •causes vasodilation •stable chemical composition •chemical composition should not corrode the container Examples: •Lacrimators {tear gases}: eg. chloractophenoone, bromobenzylcyanide, ethyl iodoacetate Effects: irritation of eyes ,respiratory passages and GIT Treatment: Fresh air, eye wash •Lung irritantspersphyxiants {choking gases}: eg. chlorine, phosgene, diphosgene and chloropicrin Effects: Irritation of eyes, dyspnoea, cyanosis Treatment: eye wash, oxygenation, adrenaline and antibiotics •Vesicants {blister gases}: eg. mustard gas and lewisite Effects: vesication, ulceration and irritation of eyes and respiratory tract Treatment: Wash the eye, British Anti Lewisite •Sternutators, nasal irritants {vomiting gases}: eg. diphenyl chlorasine, diphenylamine chlorasine, diphenyl cynarasine, Effects: nasal irritation and vomiting Treatment: symptomatic •Blood poisons, paralysants: eg. carbon monoxide, hydrocyanic acid, hydrogen sulphide Effects: CNS and respiratory depression Treatment: Specific treatment and oxygenation •Nerve gases Effects: Acetylcholine poisonong
02/20/2021 13:17:58 War gases
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