Celiac Disease

Himali Meshram
What is celiac disease?
It is an immune mediated condition that occurs in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten (found in wheat, barley, oat, rye) leads to small intestinal mucosal damage. On exposure to gluten there is abnormal immune response causing inflammatory reaction in small intestine leading to malabsorption of various nutrients.

What are the symptoms of celiac disease?
Poor appetite, weight loss, abdominal distension/pain, vomiting/flatulence/diarrhea, bloating, not gaining weight and height, mouth ulcers, pale and foul smelling stools.

How is celiac disease diagnosed?
Blood tests for antibodies and genetic testing are helpful in diagnosing this disease. Small intestinal biopsies are required to confirm it and to know the progression of the disease.

How is celiac disease treated?
Gluten-free diet is the main therapy for celiac disease. All the food items containing gluten such as products made of wheat, barley, rye, oats are to be avoided completely. This is a lifelong disease; hence continuous reinforcement and counselling for adherence to gluten free diet is important. Strict adherence to diet helps intestine to heal leading to resolution of symptoms in most cases.

Celiac Disease Celiac Disease 09/04/2018
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