Jaundice In Newborn

Dr. Amit Nigade, Dr R. Kishore Kumar
Dr. Amit Nigade
Consultant Neonatologist,
Cloudnine Hospital, “Axon Building” Survey No 28/1,
Shivaji Nagar, Pune – 411005, Maharashtra
Dr. R. Kishore Kumar
Consultant Neonatologist,
Cloudnine Hospital,
1533, 9th Main, 3rd Block, Bangalore – 560011.

First Created: 04/09/2001  Last Updated: 09/02/2020

Patient Education

What is newborn jaundice?

The reasons for and treatment options for neonatal jaundice are different than adult jaundice. Most of the newborn jaundice is physiological and does not require treatment.

How will I get to know the baby is jaundiced?

The Baby’s skin and eyes will look yellow in bright daylight. Jaundice will start from the face and finally spread to palms and sole.

What is phototherapy?

When the baby’s bilirubin crosses a certain threshold, the baby needs to be kept under a specialized green-blue light spectrum which will externally reduce the bilirubin level.

Why we need to cover eyes and private parts during phototherapy?

Animal studies indicate retinal degeneration after 24 hours of continuous phototherapy and protection of gonads is necessary when an infant is under phototherapy.

1. American Academy of pediatric subcommittee on hyperbilirubinemia. Management of hyperbilirubinemia in new-born infants 35 or more weeks of gestation. Pediatrics. 2004; 114-297.
2. Volpe JJ. Bilirubin and brain injury. In: Neurology of the newborn 4th ed. Philadelphia: W B Saunders; 2001.
3. Kirk JM. Neonatal jaundice – a critical review of role and practice of bilirubin analysis. Ann Clin Biochem. 2008; 45: 452-462.
4. Canadian Pediatric Society. Position Statement: FN (2007-02). Guidelines for detection, management, and prevention of hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm new-born infants. Pediatr Child Health. 2007; 12 Supplement B: 1B-12B.
5. Alastair J, Wood J. Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia. N Engl J Med, Vol 344, No. 8: 581-590.
6. Bhutani VK, Johnson L, Sivieri EM. Predictive ability of a hour-specific serum bilirubin for subsequent significant hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term and near term newborns. Pediatrics 1999; 103:6.

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