Tuberculous meningitis


A 4½ years old girl presented with fever for 15 days, headache for 7 days and stiffness of legs for 7 days. Patient was admitted in a hospital a week back and treated with IV Fluids and IV antibiotics. CSF done at that time showed 3,900 cells, cu mm {78 percent polymorphs, 22 percent lymphocytes}, proteins 90 mg, dl, glucose 43 mg percent. HIV ELISA was negative. ESR was 102 mm at end of 1 hour. There is history of tuberculosis in a girl in the neighbourhood. On examination, she had neck stiffness with pain on extension of extremities. MRI spine showed an anterior epidural abscess measuring 6.5 x 1.0 cm diameter from C1 – C4 with marked enhancement of adjacent leptomeninges with bilateral basal pleural effusion with basal collapse consolidation and a large multiloculated left psoas abscess extending from L1 till mid pelvis with normal spinal cord. She was treated with 4 drug antituberculous therapy {ATT}. However she developed morbilliform rash and fever with elevated liver enzymes {SGPT = 139 IU, L, SGOT = 225 IU, L} due to ATT. She was then shifted to alternate ATT consisting of Ciprofloxacin, Ethambutol and Streptomycin and antibiotics were withheld. Her liver enzymes decreased and fever and rash subsided.

Expert Opinion :
This child was started first on INH followed later by Rifampicin.
Answer Discussion :
Hafiz Muhammad Akhtar
Rifampicin andisoniazid
7 years ago
Ehkcash adv
7 years ago

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